What is bioengineering? Fields of application

A good way to know what we understand by Bioengineering is to make a brief review of the current areas of research in this discipline and its application areas. Some of these fields are as follows:

  • BIOMECHANICS: It is the part of Biophysics dedicated to the study of mechanics (including fluid mechanics) of the physiological systems. The most common applications are applied to Science of Physical Activity and Sports, ergonomic design of instruments, design of artificial organs, Environmental and Exercise Physiology etc.

  • BIOSENSORS: focused on biological parameters and its conversion into electrical signals. Examples include blood glucose sensors (for diabetics) or other parameters such as oxygen or carbon dioxide from heart activity for automatic defibrillators etc. Similar technologies are applied to the design of environmental pollution sensors.

  • MODELING, SIMULATION AND CONTROL OF PHYSIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS: Use of computational methods to develop and understand the operation of physiological systems.

  • BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION: Monitoring and measurement of physiological developments. Biosensors can also be included in this section.

  • MEDICAL IT: Patient data, especially in the interpretation of results to assist decision making, including expert systems and neural networks.

  • IMAGE ANALYSIS: Graphical representation of the anatomical details and physiological functions, one of which is the medical diagnostic applications.

  • BIOTECHNOLOGY: Industrial production of goods and services through the use of systems, processes or biological organisms. Its modern form is the MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY, based on the genetic manipulation of living systems for industrial purposes.

Bioengineering is for us then, the result of an interdisciplinary synthesis of many aspects of engineering, biology, medicine, physics, materials science, biotechnology, and other fields of knowledge, ranging from theoretical approaches to experiments and applications. The greatest benefit can be derived from the identification of problems and medical and biological needs and the utilization of methods and concepts of engineering to solve them. The objective is to create a better biomedical technology at reasonable cost.